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Stocksy cookies and ice cream cone 1063918 copy 57b1cb265f9b58b5c205d22a - Why is addressing this issue so important?

Why is addressing this issue so important?

Why is addressing this issue so important?

Health outcomes associated with excessive added sugars intake

Obesity

Global increases in being overweight and obese are attributed to a number of factors including:

  • A global shift in diet towards increased intake of energy-dense foods that are high in fat and sugars but lower in protein, fibre, vitamins and minerals; and
  • A trend towards decreased physical activity due to the increasingly sedentary nature of many forms of work, changing modes of transportation and increasing urbanization.

Related: Added sugars ingredient names

Diabetes

Raised body mass index is a major risk factor for chronic diseases including:

  • Cardiovascular diseases (mainly heart disease and stroke)
  • Diabetes
  • Metabolic syndrome: an obesity-linked condition characterised by clinical features of insulin resistance, dyslipidaemia and hypertension
  • Musculoskeletal disorders, especially osteoarthristis
  • Some cancers including endometrial, breast, and colon cancer

Dental Caries

Dental caries, the predominant cause of tooth decay, is one of the most prevalent diseases affecting humans, second only to the common cold.

Although dental diseases are associated with a low mortality rate, they have a considerable impact on self-esteem, eating ability, nutrition and health both for younger and older children.

Dental caries are the most widely quoted deleterious consequence of high carbohydrates diets.

Milk, cheese and yoghurt without added sugars may be considered safe for the teeth. Milk products with added sugars cannot, however, be considered as a protection against decay.

Reference

World Health Organization. Obesity and Overweight http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs311/en/print.html. Accessed 12 August 2010.

Islam B, Khan SN, Khan AU. Dental caries: from infection to prevention. Med Sci Monit 2007; 13(11): RA196-203.

de Onis M, Blössner M, Borghi E. Global prevalence and trends of overweight and obesity among preschool children. Am J Clin Nutr. 2010 Sep 22. [Epub ahead of print] doi: 10.3945/ajcn.2010.29786.

Brand-Miller J. Carbohydrates. In: Essentials of Human Nutrition. Second Edition 2003. Edited by Mann J, Truswell AS. Pg 11-29.

Martyn JA, Kaneki M, Yasuhara S. Obesity-induced Insulin Resistance and Hyperglycemia: Etiologic Factors and Molecular Mechanisms. Anesthesiology 2008; 109(1): 137-148 doi: 10.1097/ALN.0b013e3181799d45.

Moynihan PJ. Dietary advice in dental practice. British Dental Journal 2002; 193(10): 563-568.

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